Diabetes: it’s about the pancreas, insulin and glucose and the more you understand, the better you can prevent it. I find that understanding at the basic foundation of any physiology, and in this case: what is diabetes and what happens in the body of someone with diabetes, is an important awareness that can make shifts in your daily living.
- The pancreas is an organ situated deep on the left side of the body by the stomach.
- When the pancreas senses glucose ( food you eat) in the bloodstream it will release the chemical enzyme, insulin.
- Insulin will attach to the glucose and acts as a key to release glucose into your body’s cells to be used for immediate energy or to be stored in the liver.
- Glucose can not get into the body’s cells with out the help of insulin. Once glucose and insulin meet and bind, the pancreas will sense a decrease in blood sugar and will not release anymore insulin – great communicative feedback loop!
If this system is in a healthy balance ( just enough insulin to meet glucose levels) everything is great. Below are a few problems that occur when there is an imbalance:
Type 1 Diabetes
This is an autoimmune response in which the pancreas will begin destroying pancreatic cells that secret insulin. People who have type 1 diabetes need daily injections of insulin to allow their glucose to be balanced. This type of diabetes is discovered in childhood or early adolescence and is mostly due to genetics versus lifestyle.
Type 2 Diabetes
In type 2 diabetes, either the pancreas does not secret enough insulin or the body’s cells ignore insulin glucose complex.
- There are 2 basic reasons for people developing type 2 diabetes: an over indulging of a high sugar diet, and sedentary lifestyle. Once known as adult onset diabetes, it now affects all people, including children. A precursor to this, is insulin resistance.
Insulin resistance is often referred to as pre-diabetic ( type 2 ) state.
- The pancreas will release insulin into the blood but the body’s cells will not allow properly respond to the glucose insulin complex. The pancreas will keep producing insulin to help get the glucose into the cells. Eventually the pancreas can not keep up and excess glucose builds up in the body. This is insulin resistance.
( It is ideal to have a fasting blood sugar level between 80 and 100 mg per deciliters).
So where will the excess sugar go?
Glucose may settle anywhere ( the eyes= cataracts) but it will predominately end up in fat cells, stored as fat.
Click here to learn more about foods to eat to prevent diabetes.
Other HBD News
Have you seen the new HBD site? Check it out and let me know what you think.
Are you a homeschooling family? HBD curriculum is now available on Home school Co op for a very amazing price! They have the new Girl’s Curriculum.
Looking to engage the kiddos with some fall reading – Amazon is having a great sale on the new HBD books. Click here.
Related Blog Posts
Latest posts by Dr. Heather Manley (see all)
- Learn Preventative Strategies to Keep Your Brain Healthy - 09/09/2017
- Feel like you’re pretty savvy on the brain? Check this out. - 09/01/2017
- Summer Traveling: How to Keep it Healthy - 07/05/2017